What is Android fragmentation and why is it so problematic? »ERdC

What is Android fragmentation and why is it so problematic?

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Android is currently the most used mobile operating system in the world with a very wide difference with the second, which is of course the apple system, that is, iOS. In 2017, the figures were as follows: 85.9% of active smartphones carried Android, 16% carried iOS and the tiny percentage remaining is distributed among other solutions.

What can this be due to? It's very simple, Android has a huge variety of devices, ranging from the cheapest, to the 1000 dollar barrier; from the lowest range, to the highest range. But not only that, there are also many brands that work on their own versions of Android, with differences in performance and especially appearance. While if you look at the case of Apple, there are only 5 or 6 devices that maintain the support and are not discontinued.

Not all that glitters is gold

All of the above is true that it is a very important pro for Android against iOS, a giant variety of devices and customization layers, but it also brings with it something very bad, something that Android has practically dragged from its beginning, the fragmentation of software.

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Let's go back to the case of Apple, iOS is an operating system designed and programmed by Apple, created to work as optimally as possible, thus avoiding most of the bugs and problems. However, Android is designed by Google to work as well as possible on the phones of Samsung, OnePlus, Xiaomi, Huawei … That does not optimize everything you can because it necessarily has to work in a huge number of different phones.

Slow or non-existent updates

In Android there are very few brands that take care of users in what updates are concerned. I personally have used Samsung, LG, Sony and OnePlus phones, all high-end and without hesitation, the brand that updates the terminals faster is OnePlus, I still remember using the OnePlus 3 and receiving the update to Android Oreo less than a month after his departure and the fact that that was surprising speaks very badly of the other brands he had already used. With LG I was using the G7 ThinQ and 2 months after the Android Pie beta came out in Korea, I had lost hope of using that version.

And here Apple wins again, since every time a new version of iOS comes to light all iPhone are updated almost at the same time, the same with MacOs or with the new iPadOs.

Possible solutions

Google already worked on its own solution that was presented along with the eighth version of Android, this was Project Treble, a solution that allows you to separate the version of Android from the customization layer that the company installed, this makes it possible to install each version in a way Independent. This promises a total change of paradigm in Android, and yes, help, especially to the deployment of betas in more models outside the Pixel. But seeing with perspective what we all think at the exit of this new tool, it has not been such a big change, despite having been noticed.

At the moment there does not seem to be a clear solution, but it is something that Google should work on because it is something that only goes to more. We will have to see how the situation evolves, for now we have pending for this month the launch of the final version of Android 10.0 Q, we will see if they say anything about it-

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